The operating system is basically an interface that connects the computer to the computer hardware. It is the software which performs various tasks like memory management, process management, files management, and handles the input as well as the output and controls peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers. In a nutshell, an operating system executes all the programs and functions by acting as an interface between the computer hardware and the user. With the emergence of newer technologies every day, a number of new trends in operating system are emerging too; this blog will describe all the latest trends in operating systems.
Functions Of An Operating System:
An operating system performs a lot of functions for the computer and the computer hardware. The functions are mentioned below:-
- Management of the memory of computer
- Management of the device
- Management of file
- Management of the process
- Control over system performance
- Aids for error detection
- Accounting of jobs
- Coordination between the software and the users
Some Popular Trends In Operating System:
- Linux operating system
The Linux operating system is an open source operating system. It is basically a cross-platform operating system which is distributable and is based on the Linux which can be easily installed on the PCs, mobile phones, tablets, laptops, gaming consoles, super computers and more. Some of the popular OS distributions of Linux are Ubuntu, Debian, Fedora, OpenSUSE and Red Hat.
- MAC operating system
Mac is the abbreviated form of the Macintosh operating system. This system is a brainchild of the Apple Inc. developers. This operating system is basically a graphical interface based operating system. Though we have the Macintosh operating system from 1984, but this operating system comes up with new and the latest set of OS platform statistics, operating system demographics and many new and innovative trends for the operating systems.
- Android operating system
The Android operating system emerged in last few years and has now become a very important part of the operating system family. Like other operating systems, it too comes up with newer and better technologies after intervals of time.
- Windows operating system
The Windows series of operating system is the brainchild of the Microsoft Inc. the windows operating system comes up with a new operating system every year with a set of new OS platform statistics, operating system demographics, and many other modified features. The latest version of the operating system from windows is the Windows 10S and every year the Microsoft provides us with a latest operating system.
Changing Trends In Operating System:
The Macintosh operating system is the first operating system launched ever, though we see that Windows is gaining more popularity as it sold itself to the companies like IBM.
We have seen a lot of operating systems adding touchscreen control, because of the rise of touch screen enabled operating systems such as the mobile phones, tablets etc. in the same way this technology is emerging in the PCs and the laptops at a faster pace and it is because of this, the OS usage is also increasing. The touch screen approach has simplified a lot of operations in the operating system.
Earlier operating systems were limited just to the computers but today different operating systems are associated with different purposes. For example, the Ios and the Android are developed specifically for the smartphones and the tablets, while Mac OS and Linux are developed specifically for the laptops and the computer systems. Some of the operating systems such as the Windows are being used by both the smartphones as well as the PCs.
Reasons For Increasing OS Usage:
There are a lot of reasons behind the emergence of new trends in the operating system. A major reason is that they are designed in such a way so, that they can be used to work even in low power devices such as the mobile phones. Operating systems these days are expected to accept the inputs from the touchscreens and hence, it becomes essential to use operating systems in the touch screen functionality devices.
These days the operating systems are being designed on the basis of the specific design they will be used for and hence, different devices require a different form of operating systems. Another very important reason is that the operating system is used on different platforms such as wearable technologies and embedded devices which eventually lead to an increased OS usage.
Operating systems have already been a reliable and helpful source of technology for a lot of years now. But, with the faster pace of modernization as well as emergence of new technologies, we have witnessed numerous of new trends in operating system. These new trends make it easy to match the pace with the growing needs of technology of the world.